The Life of Emile Zola might not be remembered like other films but the biopic gave Warner Bros. their first Best Picture in studio history.
Emile Zola (Paul Muni) is a writer that took up Captain Alfred Dreyfus’ (Joseph Schildkraut) cause after he was falsely accused and convicted of a crime he did not commit. Zola risks his entire career by publishing J’Accuse…! in a French paper. By getting involved, Zola would later be tried for libel. He ends up heading for London before the trial ends in a conviction.
I’m not going to beat around the bush here. While I recognize that the film took home an Oscar, it isn’t without its flaws. For one, why is the word “Jew” not uttered during a single moment in the film? After all, Captain Alfred Dreyfus was Jewish. The only reason why we even have the Dreyfus affair is for this very reason. So why is it that nobody in this film seems to want to acknowledge this? Maybe it’s because of the anti-Semitism of the day? We all know that the French anti-Semitism is how Dreyfus ended up getting arrested. Even if the studio didn’t acknowledge it in this particular film, they weren’t afraid of touching upon anti-Semitism in other films.
Make no mistake that there’s a solid story here. Again, the big fault with the film is what isn’t said. You have a character in jail because he’s Jewish and the film doesn’t acknowledge it. Is this really a hard thing to do. Personally, I think not. It’s hard to view this film and not come away with a feeling of disappointment. One could look at it as being Hollywood’s attitude at the time. I’m not accusing studios of appeasing Germany, which at the time was already under Hitler’s power. I do think that the studios also didn’t want to risk losing the market. Of course, it’s possible that they didn’t know just how bad conditions were at the time.
The film earned ten nominations when they were announced in February 1938. Over a month later at the Biltmore Hotel, the film would take home three wins (Best Picture, Best Supporting Actor, Best Adapted Screenplay. If you ask me, The Awful Truth should have won for Best Picture. Most surprisingly, Disney’s Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was not nominated.
The Life of Emile Zola might not be a perfect film–and probably wouldn’t win an Oscar if it were made today–but it’s still a solid film.
DIRECTOR: William Dieterle
SCREENWRITERS: Norman Reilly Raine & Heinz Herald & Geza Herczeg
CAST: Paul Muni, Gale Sondergaard, Joseph Schildkraut, Gloria Holden, Donald Crisp, Erin O’Brien-Moore, Louis Calhern, Morris Carnovsky